75 years ago, the Soviet Union released the prisoners of Auschwitz

On January 27, 1945, Soviet troops released Auschwitz. Thousands of people sentenced to a tragic fate suddenly had hopes of living again. In this gallery, we remember how the arrival of Soviet troops to the Nazi "death factory" was.
75 years ago, the Soviet Union released the prisoners of Auschwitz #freedom 

Shortly before the arrival of Soviet troops, most of the prisoners who were still able to work were evacuated by the Nazis in "death marches" to places inside Germany. Around 7,000 people remained in Auschwitz, they were the weakest, unable to overcome the long road. More than 4,500 people received medical attention in the first hours and days after their release. Among them was the German Jew Otto Frank, father of the girl who wrote the famous "Diary of Anne Frank". The patients were saved by Soviet doctors who already had experience in the treatment of people seriously affected by hunger during the Leningrad site.

Auschwitz was a complex of German concentration camps and extermination camps that arose between 1940 and 1945. It was located near Oświęcim, a Polish territory that after being annexed by the Third Reich in 1939 became known by its German name, Auschwitz. In the photo: Auschwitz prisoners before being released by Soviet troops.
Auschwitz was a complex of German concentration camps and extermination camps that arose between 1940 and 1945. It was located near Oświęcim, a Polish territory that after being annexed by the Third Reich in 1939 became known by its German name, Auschwitz.
In the photo: Auschwitz prisoners before being released by Soviet troops.

The total area of the complex was approximately 500 hectares. Between 1941 and 1945, according to various estimates, 1.4 million were sacrificed to more than 4 million people in Auschwitz, the vast majority of whom were Jewish. The UN recognizes the day of the release of prisoners by Soviet troops as the International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust.
The total area of ​​the complex was approximately 500 hectares. Between 1941 and 1945, according to various estimates, 1.4 million were sacrificed to more than 4 million people in Auschwitz, the vast majority of whom were Jewish. The UN recognizes the day of the release of prisoners by Soviet troops as the International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust.

The complex was composed of three main fields: Auschwitz 1, Auschwitz 2 and Auschwitz 3. Auschwitz 1 subsequently served as the administrative center of the complex.
The complex was composed of three main fields: Auschwitz 1, Auschwitz 2 and Auschwitz 3. Auschwitz 1 subsequently served as the administrative center of the complex.


generally the field to which they refer, when talking about Auschwitz. There they had crammed in wooden barracks, hundreds of thousands of Jews, Poles, Russians, Gypsies and prisoners of other nationalities. The number of victims in this field amounted to more than one million people. In it, there were four gas chambers with a capacity of 200 people each, plus four crematoriums.
In the photo: Auschwitz prisoners in the first minutes after the liberation of the camp by Soviet troops.

Auschwitz 3 was a group of approximately 40 small camps established near factories and mines around a common complex. Weak and sick workers in these camps were taken to the gas chambers in Birkenau. In the photo: a bank for executions in the Auschwitz camp
Auschwitz 3 was a group of approximately 40 small camps established near factories and mines around a common complex. Weak and sick workers in these camps were taken to the gas chambers in Birkenau.
In the photo: a bank for executions in the Auschwitz camp





From May 1943 to January 1945, the position of chief physician of Auschwitz was held by Josef Mengele, who conducted numerous inhuman experiments with prisoners. One of the tasks of the Angel of Death, as he was known, was to increase the fertility of Aryan women, so the twins caused him special interest. Some 3,000 twins who ended up in Auschwitz underwent experiments: they received blood transfusions and organ transplants from each other. Less than 200 people survived Dr. Mengele's experiments.

In mid-1944, between three and four trains arrived daily at Auschwitz-Birkenau, with between 3,000 and 3,500 people each. Approximately one tenth of them were selected to "work", the rest was immediately sent to the gas chambers.
In mid-1944, between three and four trains arrived daily at Auschwitz-Birkenau, with between 3,000 and 3,500 people each. Approximately one tenth of them were selected to "work", the rest was immediately sent to the gas chambers.


The daily ration of a prisoner consisted of 300 grams of bread, half a liter of black coffee, a liter of kohlrabi soup and a few grams of sausage and margarine. Staying in the countryside for about 3 to 6 months led many prisoners to complete physical exhaustion and mental degradation. The average income of a prisoner's job was 1,631 Reichsmark (imperial framework), taking into account the value of his personal belongings, teeth and hair. In the photo: bags with hair of people killed in the Auschwitz camp.
The daily ration of a prisoner consisted of 300 grams of bread, half a liter of black coffee, a liter of kohlrabi soup and a few grams of sausage and margarine. Staying in the countryside for about 3 to 6 months led many prisoners to complete physical exhaustion and mental degradation. The average income of a prisoner's job was 1,631 Reichsmark (imperial framework), taking into account the value of his personal belongings, teeth and hair.
In the photo: bags with hair of people killed in the Auschwitz camp.


Auschwitz was guarded by some 6,000 SS men. Their personal data have been preserved and revealed that three quarters had full secondary education, while 5% were university graduates with a degree. Almost 80% identified themselves as religious. They were 42.4% Catholics and 36.5% Protestants. One in 10 of them was female. In the photo: armored forts in the Auschwitz camp.
Auschwitz was guarded by some 6,000 SS men. Their personal data have been preserved and revealed that three quarters had full secondary education, while 5% were university graduates with a degree. Almost 80% identified themselves as religious. They were 42.4% Catholics and 36.5% Protestants. One in 10 of them was female.
In the photo: armored forts in the Auschwitz camp.


Throughout Auschwitz's history, about 700 escape attempts were made, 300 of which were successful. However, if someone escaped, all their relatives were arrested and sent to the camp. In addition, all the prisoners in his stable were executed.
In the photo: Soviet military doctors and Red Cross representatives among Auschwitz prisoners in the first hours after the liberation of the camp.


The liberation of Auschwitz involved four divisions of the First Ukrainian Front. In the battles for the camp and its branches, 231 Soviet soldiers and officers were killed.
In the photo: the funeral of the deceased prisoners of the Auschwitz camp, freed by Soviet troops.

On January 27, 1945, Soviet troops released Auschwitz. Thousands of people sentenced to a tragic fate suddenly had hopes of living again.
In this gallery, we remember how the arrival of Soviet troops to the Nazi "death factory" was.


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